New Orleans Public Library
African American Resource Center
Microfilm Collection
Abstracts of the African American Resource Center's Holdings
Straight College & New Orleans University

Slave Manifests, New Orleans

Freedmen's Bureau Records

Black Abolitionist Papers

Blacks in the U.S. Armed Forces

F.B.I. File on the NAACP

General Education Board Archives

Papers of the Congress of Racial Equality

Straight College (1870-1934) and New Orleans University (1874-1935).

After the Civil War, the American Missionary Association (AMA) turned their energies to the newly emancipated freedmen in the devastated South. They formed schools and sent teachers from the North to teach and operate their schools. In 1870 the AMA formed Straight University in New Orleans. In its early period Straight College had Normal, and night school as well as schools of Law, Music, Theology. Later they added a college preparatory curriculum, and a primary and grammar school. When Straight merged with New Orleans University to form Dillard University, the records of both schools became a part of Dillard's library collection. When the Amistad Research Center moved to New Orleans in the early 1970's, they microfilmed the catalogues of both Straight and New Orleans University. The original catalogues, however, are still housed at Dillard.

These "Catalogues" include names of the trustees, presidents, faculty, administration, students, various academic programs, course descriptions, and philosophy of the school. Scholars interested in education during Reconstruction and Jim Crow and genealogists looking for ancestors and or relatives who may have attended either school, would find this collection beneficial.

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Port of New Orleans , United States Customs Service. [National Archives Microfilm: Record Group 36] Records of the United States Customs Service for the Port of New Orleans, Louisiana. Outward slave manifests (1812-1856) and Inward slave manifests (1807-1860).

The information contained in these reels provide vital information on the transporting of slaves through the Port of New Orleans such as date of vessel's arrival or departure, captain's name size of vessel. Of particular note is information on slaves. The collection contains name, age, height, and color of (slave) or slaves transported; name and residence of owner or shipper of slaves.

In the Outward rolls, port of destination is usually included and conversely for the inward rolls port of origin is usually stated. These records offer the researcher extensive information on the movement of African and African-American slaves to and from the port of New Orleans for the early American and ante-bellum periods. Researchers interested in the domestic slave trade of the United States, as well as the genealogist in search of a slave ancestor, will find these microfilm rolls invaluable.

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Records of the Assistant Commissioner, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (1865-1869)

Most of these records contain correspondence from various state commissioners to other officials. The majority of the collection details events in various areas where the commissioners had jurisdiction. Most of the collection's potential use will be scholarly although there are some marriage records of former slaves in each collection. At the beginning of the first microfilm reel is a detailed description and table of contents of what is in each collection.

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Black Abolitionist Papers (1830-1865)

The Black Abolitionist Papers collection is most beneficial to those interested in the American Abolitionist Movement or those studying the conditions of slaves. This collection contains letters and essays by African andAfrican-American abolitionists. A detailed printed guide and index is included. Besides correspondence, the collection includes letters printed in various newspapers and or pamphlets regarding the abolition of slavery.

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Blacks in the U. S. Armed Forces: Basic Documents, 1639-1973

Blacks in the U. S. Armed Froces collection contains copies or transcriptions of documents pertinent to the Black military experience in the United States from the Colonial era until the Vietnam War. The collection is arranged chronologically. Each volume has a preface and a calendar of documents. Included are transcribed or copied original letters, correspondence, various legislative acts, general orders, reports of commanding officers of Black troops, evaluations, and published articles. The unifying theme to this collection is the development and execution of official policy concerning Blacks in the United States Armed Forces. Although this is a mostly scholarly collection it will benefit genealogists interested in their ancestors who may have served in the military as well as students of general history of African Americans.

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FBI File on the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) (1941-1957)

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) file on the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, officially entitled "Communist Infiltration of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People" spans the years from 1941 to 1957, a period in which many significant events of the civil rights movement took place. This set of 4 reels contains copies of correspondence, memorandum, reports, lists of officers, newspaper clippings, speeches, pamphlets, and other documents relating to the operation of the NAACP and it's branches. The collection is arranged chronologically but it is not indexed, however, there is a guide to the collection with detailed information on the roll contents.

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The General Education Board Archives: Series I: Appropriations; Subseries 1: The Early Southern Program

The General Education Board, endowed by gifts from John D. Rockefeller (1839-1937), the founder of the Standard Oil Company, was organized largely by Frederick T. Gates, Rockefeller's philanthropic adviser, and his son, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Chartered by an act of Congress in 1903, the General Education Board (GEB) had as its purpose "the promotion of education within the United States without distinction of race, sex or creed."

The microfilm here represents records pertaining to grants to higher educational institutions in the state of Lousiana such as Tulane University (1902-1955); Leland University (1902-1946); Coleman College (1902-1927); Centenary College (1905-1953); H. Sophie Newcomb Memorial College (1912-1951); Southern University (1917-1954); Louisiana State University (1906-1953); Straight University (1912-1926); Louisiana College (1906-1952); Supervisor of Rural Schools-Negro (1920-1948); Dillard University (1930-1952); Grambling College (1930-1951); Webster Parish Training School (1931). The collection consists of correspondence regarding buildings and their endowments, teacher training, certification, and salaries, and includes internal GEB memorandums, reports, budgets and financial data submitted by the institutions. Also included is correspondence between state and school officials and GEB personnel concerning such topics as school planning and design, educational statistics and local surveys, educational administration, curriculum studies and development, the special problems of rural education, and educational conditions and opportunities for African Americans.

This collection will be useful primarily to the scholar or graduate student interested in higher education in Louisiana.

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CORE: The Papers of the Congress of Racial Equality: Addendum, 1944-1968

The papers of the Congress of Racial Equality: Addendum, 1944-1968, chronicle the development of CORE from the time of its founding until the 1960s, when the organization underwent a transition from a commitment to nonviolent action to a militant philosophy of black power. The majority of the collection covers the period between 1961 and 1968. The papers include a quantity of material on the administration of Floyd McKissick, national director from 1966 until 1968, and extensive documentation of CORE's desperate financial situation which brought the organization to the brink of collapse in 1965 and 1966.

The papers are arranged in seven subgroups. The three largest subgroups in the CORE Addendum are Subgroup A, the National Directors' Files, 1960-1968; Subgroup E, the files of the CommunityRelations Department, 1949-1968; and Subgroup F, the files of the Organization Department, 1957-1968. These subgroups are divided into several series. The remaining four subgroups consist of a single series of files. The materials relating extensively to CORE's earlier years are primarily those found in Subgroup C, the files on theNational Action Council and Conventions.

For the most part, the files in each subgroup and series are arranged alphabetically by subject category. Items within each subject file are arranged chronologically by year, month, and day, with undated materials placed at the end of all dated materials. The arrangement of each subgroup and series is described more fully in the individual descriptions. This collection will benefit primarily students and scholars of the United States Civil Rights Movement.

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