Grauman Marks (1903-1984)
Photographs

Louisiana Division
New Orleans Public Library


Date range: 1950s-1960s
Size of collection: 346 prints
Terms of Access: Available to registered researchers by appointment
Copyright Information: Please discuss with a Louisiana Division archivist

Historical Note

Grauman Marks was born in Louisville, Ky. He graduated from the University of Kentucky and, in 1926, received a law degree from Harvard University. The following year, he moved to Cincinnati, where he served first as the Hamilton County Assistant Prosecutor and then entered private practice.

Marks was also an amateur photographer, an afficianado of New Orleans jazz and a frequent visitor to New Orleans.

Source of Acquisition

The photographs were donated to the Louisiana Division in two separate deposits, many years apart. The first deposit of 267 images is undocumented, but may have been the gift of the photographer himself. The second deposit of 79 additional images was the gift of William E. "Bill" Smith, Editor Emeritus of CODA Magazine in 2010; these images were provided to CODA by Marks himself in 1969.

Scope and Arrangement

The photographs are arranged into several series, based on the separate deposits, and within each series, numerically by numbers assigned by the processors:

  • Jazz Musicians and Others Associated with New Orleans Jazz; (original deposit)
    Photographs of jazz performances, primarily at Preservation Hall in New Orleans
  • Scenes of New Orleans (original deposit)
    Scenes of New Orleans and the surrounding area
  • George Lewis and Others (second deposit; gift of Bill Smith)
    Photographs focusing on clarinetist George Lewis and other musicians in performance at Preservation Hall and at various venues in Cincinnati. Also included are photographs taken at Lewis' funeral, January 3, 1969.

The Louisiana State Museum, Tulane University's Hogan Jazz Archive, Preservation Hall, and the Cincinnati Museum Center also hold photographs by Grauman Marks. The Cincinnati Museum Center also holds the Grauman Marks Papers, relating primarily to his professional career in Ohio.


Jazz Musicians and Others Associated with New Orleans Jazz

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Sample Image Musician Instrument Photo numbers Notes
Adams, Dolly Piano 78, 81, 82, 84, 85
Adams, Placide String Bass 4, 98, 131, 149
Armstrong, Louis Trumpet 106, 212, 213 On Photo #106: "Cincinnatti Jazz Fest, 1963, Louis Armstrong Night"
Barbarin, Paul Drums 1, 5, 6, 83, 86, 97, 98, 99, 105, 130, 135, 145, 147, 149, 150, 151 On photo #6: "Drummer and composer of 'Bourbon St. Parade'"
Barrett, Emma ("Sweet Emma, "The Bell Gal") Piano 2, 7, 125, 126, 127, 128, 155, 156, 165 Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Blakney, Andrew Trumpet 23 On Photo #23: "From California, formerly with 'Kid' Ory"
Bocage, Peter Trumpet/Trombone 120, 156 Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Burke, Raymond Clarinet 3, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 102

Cagnolotti, Ernest Trumpet 76, 77, 79, 80, 86, 87, 98, 99, 105, 108, 110, 113, 117, 130, 131, 146, 148, 149, 155, 165 On Photo #117: "ca. 1960, Sinton Hotel, Cincinnati"; Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Cottrell, Louis Clarinet 76, 77, 79, 80, 97, 98, 99, 108, 110, 129, 131, 133, 149, 155, 165 Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Crawford, Paul Trombone 14, 119

Dutrey, Sam Clarinet 87, 91, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 148 On photo #91: "Monte Talbert with George Lewis, Cincinnatti, Ohio"; #117: "ca. 1960, Sinton Hotel, Cincinnati"
Eureka Brass Band
152, 157, 160, 161, 163, 164 Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Finola, George Trumpet 107, 122 On Photo #107: 1965

Flies (?), Jim
111
Frazier, Josiah ("Cie") Drums 16, 74, 96, 97, 121, 124, 137, 143, 158, 162 Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Green, Jerry String Bass 15, 145, 147, 151
Henry, Oscar ("Chicken") Trombone 120, 153, 154, 157, 159, 161 On Photo #154: "Center in cap, Chicken Henry; Right, front row, Wilbert Tillman; Left, behind car, white shirt and sweater, Allan Jaffe, 1964"; Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Houston, Fats Drums 120, 164 Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Howard, Avery ("Kid") Trumpet 97, 143, 145
Humphrey, Percy Trumpet 120, 156, 157, 159, 160, 161, 163, 164 Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Humphrey, Willie Clarinet 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 120, 143, 144, 156, 157, 159, 160, 161, 163, 164 On Photo #19: 1964; Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Jaffe, Allen
153, 155 Manager, Preservation Hall; Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
James, Louis ("Doux-Doux")
144
Joseph, John ("Papa John") String Bass 26, 78, 85, 103
Joseph, Waldren ("Frog") Trombone 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151

Kidney Stew Dancer 86, 104 On Photo #104: "Dancers in Vieux Carre"
Kmen, Henry
119
Lewis, George Clarinet 25, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 78, 81, 82, 88, 91, 92, 101, 125, 126, 128, 138, 141, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163 On Photo #28: 1964; #31: NOLA 1965; #91: "Monte Talbert with George Lewis, Cincinnatti, Ohio"; #92: "George Lewis and Band, Newport Yacht Club, Newport, Ky, 1958"; #101: 1965; #138: 1965; Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Marks, Grauman
250

Marks, Mrs. Grauman
73, 250 Wife of photographer

Marrero, Lawrence Banjo 92, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117 On Photo #92: "George Lewis and Band, Newport Yacht Club, Newport, Ky, 1958"; #117: "ca. 1960, Sinton Hotel, Cincinnati"
Miller, Punch Trombone 35, 45, 46, 78, 85, 89, 90, 128
Minor, H.E. ("Aitchee") Banjo 36, 37, 44, 76, 77, 99, 149
Nelson, Louis Trombone 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 73, 74, 75, 84, 85, 94, 95, 96, 100, 107, 109, 123, 136, 138, 141, 155, 158, 162, 163 On Photo #41: 1965; #53: 1965; #107: 1965; #136: December, 1962; #138: 1965; Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Oxley, Dave ("Big Dave") Drums 54, 55, 134, 141 On Photo #55: "In Memoriam, Dave Oxley, born May 1, 1910, died July 22, 1974"
Parnell, Gorden
245 Organ grinder

Paul, Emanuel
120, 154, 156, 157, 159, 160, 161, 163, 164 On Photo #154: "Center in cap, Chicken Henry; Right, front row, Wilbert Tillman; Left, behind car, white shirt and sweater, Allan Jaffe, 1964"; Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Pavageau, Alcide ("Slow Drag")
56, 57, 58, 79, 91, 92, 112 On Photo #91: "Monte Talbert with George Lewis, Cincinnatti, Ohio"; #92: "George Lewis and Band, Newport Yacht Club, Newport, Ky, 1958"
Penn, Sammy Drums 75
Pierce, Billie Piano 74, 121, 122, 123, 124, 134, 137, 172, 173, 174, 175, 178, 181, 182, 183, 184, 186, 192, 199, 200, 201, 202, 204, 205, 206, 208, 209, 210, 211

Pierce, Dede Trumpet 74, 94, 95, 107, 109, 119, 121, 122, 123, 134, 140, 166, 167, 168, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 193, 194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211 On Photo #107: 1965
Pork Chop Dancer 86, 104, 146 On Photo #104: Dancers in Vieux Carre"
Robichaux, Joe Piano 59, 60
Robinson, Jim Trombone 61, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 92, 97, 111, 139, 142, 165 On Photo #69: 1964; #92: "George Lewis and Band, Newport Yacht Club, Newport, Ky, 1958"; #139: 1964; Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Russell, Bill
224 Jazz historian
Santiago, Lester Piano 76, 77, 83, 99, 131, 135, 145, 147, 151
Sayles, Emanuel Banjo 64, 79, 80, 103, 129, 133 On Photo #64: 1964
Souchon, Edmond Banjo 165 Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"

Teagarden, J.
93
Tillman, Wilbert
153
Valentine, Kid Thomas Trumpet 50, 75, 136 On Photo #136: December, 1962
Warner, Albert Trombone 120, 154 On Photo #154: "Center in cap, Chicken Henry; Right, front row, Wilbert Tillman; Left, behind car, white shirt and sweater, Allan Jaffe, 1964"
Watkins, Joe Drums 62, 63, 85, 91, 92, 125, 126, 128, 139, 142, 155, 170, 171 On Photo #91: "Monte Talbert with George Lewis, Cincinnatti, Ohio"; #92: "George Lewis and Band, Newport Yacht Club, Newport, Ky, 1958"; #139: 1964; Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Wiggs, Johnny Clarinet 88, 89, 90, 100, 101, 102, 138, 169 On Photo #101: 1965; #138: 1965
Williams, Alfred Drums 156 Photos # 155-165: Benefit of United Heart Fund at Royal Orleans Hotel, January, 1965"
Williams, David ("Fats")
113, 114, 118, 148

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Scenes of New Orleans

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Sample Image Subject Photo numbers Notes
American Sugar Refinery 233
Antoine's Restaurant 267 713 St. Louis St.
Beauregard House 257 1113 Chartres St.
Brennan's Restaurant 263, 264, 265, 266 417 Royal St.
Celeste Street Wharf 227
Chalmette National Cemetery 218, 234, 235, 236
Cornstalk Fence 262 915 Royal St.
Desire Street Wharf 229 1965
Dumaine Street Wharf 241
Erato Street Wharf 228
French Quarter scenes 259; 260; 261
Funeral 216 c. 1960
Funeral Home 215
Jackson Barracks 214
Jackson Square 247; 258 Photo #247 is out of focus
J'Ai Alai Club 231 Arabi, La.
Labranche Buildings 255, 256 700 Royal St.
Lion gateposts 251 710 Toulouse St.
New Orleans Jazz Museum 219, 220, 221, 222, 223
New Orleans riverfront 225, 226, 237, 238, 239, 240
New Orleans Stock Yards 230
Royal Orleans Hotel 242; 243 621 St. Louis St.
Royal Street 252
St. Louis Cemetery No. 1 217 Tomb of Marie Laveau
St. Louis Cathedral 253 Out of focus

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George Lewis and Others

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Sample Image Location Year Number of Images Image Number Notes
Cincinnatti, Ohio 1958 1 318 On photo #318: "George at Newport Yacht Club near Cincinnati, 1958"; on photo #319: "At Newport Yacht Club near Cincinnati, 1958"
Cincinnatti, Ohio ca. 1959 3 268, 269, 270 Hotel Sutton. On photos #268, #269, #270: "George at Hotel Sutton, Cincinnati, about 1959"
Cincinnatti, Ohio 1960 2 271, 272 Hotel Sutton. On photo #271: "George at Hotel Sutton, Cincinnati, about 1960"
Cincinnatti, Ohio 1959-1962 6 273, 274, 275, 276, 277, 278 Hotel Sutton. On photo #273: "Hotel Sutton, Cincinnati, about 1959-1962"; on photo #274: "George at Hotel Sutton, Cincinnati, about 1960"; on photo #278: "George at Hotel Sutton, Cincinnati, 1959-1962" (photo #278 duplicate of photo #277)
Cincinnatti, Ohio 1962 1 279 Hotel Sutton. On photo: "George at Hotel Sutton, Cincinnati, about 1962"
Cincinnatti, Ohio ca. 1963 1 280 Hotel Sutton. On photo: "George at Hotel Sutton, Cincinnati, about 1963"
New Orleans ca. 1963 3 281, 282, 283, 284 Preservation Hall. On photos #281 and #282: "George at Preservation Hall, about 1963" (photo #284 duplicate of photo #283)
New Orleans 1964 1 285 Royal Orleans Hotel. On photo: "George at [United] Heart Fund affair at Royal Orleans, 1964"
New Orleans 1965 4 286, 287, 288, 289 Preservation Hall. On photo #288: "George at Preservation Hall, 1965"
New Orleans 1966 4 290, 291, 292, 293 Preservation Hall. On photo #290: "George and Jim Robinson at Preservation Hall" ; on photo #291: "George at Preservation Hall"; on photo #292: "Preservation Hall, 1966"
New Orleans 1966 3 294, 295, 296 Preservation Hall. On photo #294: "George with Sweet Emma, Johnny Wiggs, and Dave Oxley, Preservation Hall"; on photo #296: "George with Allen Jaffe at Preservation Hall"
New Orleans 1967 4 306, 307, 308, 309 Preservation Hall. On photo #306: "George with Punch Miller at Preservation Hall"; on photo #307: "George and Allan Jaffe, manager of Preservation Hall"; on photo #309: "With Sweet Emma at Preservation Hall"
New Orleans 1966 8 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 304 Preservation Hall. On photo #297: "(L to R) Paul Barnes, Louis Nelson, Andy Blakney, Dave Oxley, George Lewis"; on photo #300: "George with Joe Watkins and Dolly Adams"
New Orleans undated 1 305 Preservation Hall. On photo: "Punch Miller, trumpet and Papa John Joseph, bass (at age 88)"
New Orleans undated 1 310 Preservation Hall. On photo: "Jim Robinson on trombone"
Cincinnatti, Ohio 1965 1 311 Home of Grauman Marks. On photo: "George had often said that if his lip went bad, he would like to play bass. At Thanksgiving party at home of Grauman Marks -- he grabbed Drag's bass and played beautifully for several numbers. Then Drag (Alcide Pavageau) got annoyed that George was stealing his thunder and took his bass away from George. Notice that George does not appear pleased at Drag's actions. Joe Robichaux at piano"
Cincinnatti, Ohio ca. 1961 1 312 Home of Grauman Marks. On photo: "George at home of Grauman Marks, about 1961, played saxaphone for quite a long period"
Cincinnatti, Ohio ca. 1963 1 313 Home of Grauman Marks. On photo: "George with Andy Anderson and Dorothy Tate -- his long-time manager -- at home of Grauman Marks, about 1963"
none given undated 3 315, 316, 317 Portraits of George Lewis
New Orleans 1968 1 314 George's Funeral. On photo: "Manuael Manetta -- famous New Orleans music teacher and uncle of Dolly Adams, great uncle of Placide and Jerry Adams. At George's wake. He played with (Charles) Buddy Bolden and Frankie Duson"
New Orleans 1968 7 320, 321, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326 George's Funeral - Guests going into funeral home, attending service. "On photo #320: Two small boys at funeral parlor are Geoorge's grandchildren -- their mother is daughter Shirley who lived with George"; on photo #321: "George's family leaves funeral parlor"; on photo #323: "Leaving funeral parlor"; on photo #324: "Masons on guard at wake, man carrying overcoat is Freddy (Freddie) Kohlman, orchestra leader"; on photo #326: "A mourner faints during service. Note brigade of nuns administering smelling salts"; on photo #327: "Willie Humphrey and Kid Sheik (George Colar) at George's Wake"
New Orleans 1968 18 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 346 George's Funeral - Jazz Procession. On photo #330: "Bill Russell, who brought George and Buck Johnson to New York, in crowd -- standing behind George's widow as body brought into cemetery"; on photo #333: "See Bill Russell in foreground"; on photo #336: "Band of students and musical friends of George"; on photo #337: "Scene at cemetery"; on photo #343: "Band of George's students who came from all over country to play at funeral. Bob Greene on left"; on photo #344: "Band of students and friends at funeral"; on photo #345: "Students at funeral"; on photo #346: "At cemetery"

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04/05/2004; updated 4/8/2011