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EULOGY ON

presence in his visibly declining health, gave a painful interest to the imposing scene. His discourse had been dictated by him in a physical condition which would have disabled most men for such an exertion; but the feebleness and pains of body did not impair or divert the energies of the soul within him. He only saw before him the dangers which beset the country should evil measures prevail, and without heed of his personal sufferings or the risk to which the exciting effort exposed him, he abandoned his sick bed for the Senate, and gave his last advice amidst her distracted counsels--invoking the spirit of justice and the duties of patriotism on the part of those who alone hold the power of perpetuating our institutions and of saving the Union. He continued his presence in the deliberations of the Senate for a few days, notwithstanding the evident sinking of his physical powers.

The difficulties which attended all attempts of an adjustment of the pending difficulties he was fully alive to, and in a letter to a friend written a few days previous to his death, he thus expresses himself:

"This may be the last of my communications to you. I feel myself sinking under the wasting power of disease. My end is probably very near. Before I reach it I have but one serious wish to gratify; it is to see my country quieted under some arrangement, alas! I know not what, which will be satisfactory to all, and safe to the South."

He was evidently alarmed at what he considered the inevitable consequence of the continued agitation of the Slavery question. He had no fear that disunion would be effected at a single blow, but thought it must be the work of time, unless its fatal causes were arrested; that the chords which bound the States together --political, social, religious and moral, would ultimately become so weakened by injustice and offence, that they would cease to be sufficiently strong to hold the Union together. It was under these deep emotions that he traced the origin of this disastrous condition to which the body politic was verging, and made his last effort to rouse the country to a sense of its dangers, and of the necessity of justice for its future security.

The death of Mr. CALHOUN at this juncture was felt as a national loss. The value of his counsels and influence was then appreciated, and the homage paid to his memory in both Houses of Congress by


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